Research paper introduction

Writing a Research Paper Introduction | Step-by-Step Guide

“The usage of information technology transformed the process of service delivery as well as renovating the provision of services. The elevation of the online shopping market over the past few years has altered the business pattern. Electronic platform has been adopted by most of the existing businesses in the world for differentiating their businesses from the rivals to satisfy customer needs, create customer value, and develop customer trust by providing superior quality service (Kassim and Asiah Abdullah, 2010).”

Learn How to Write an Introduction for a Research Paper

Though introduction to any writing is frequently associated with beginning, it’s not that simple for an introduction to a research paper. Here you can find a guide on how to write an introduction for a research paper, which presents a topic to the reader. While creating an introduction students frequently get lost in the consistency of their thoughts. But following the structure and simple rules, you will succeed with your writing and get the desired mark.

What is a Research Paper Introduction?

An introduction is the initial part of a research paper and the part that a reader is likely to read first (at least when focusing deeply and reading it in detail). Hence, definitions, notions, and other information required for understanding the paper are presented/listed here.

Every research paper needs context so that readers can understand why you have created it. This is exactly what you can do in your research paper introduction. Of course, this can mean that your introduction is the hardest part of an essay to write first. So, it is essential that you take your time and make sure you get it right.

The introduction of writing is going to set out your rationale, which is what research will be based around. Your readers should be able to tell what they are reading right from the beginning and whether it interests them.

It is essential that you make the beginning of your research paper interesting and engage with your readers from the first line. This will make sure that people continue to read and learn about what you have found out. You should also state a hypothesis and the way you think your work will turn out in conclusion. You must always include an introduction to your paper.

Sana Shaikh

Sana Shaikh

“Introductions need to be organized, succinct, and clear. Clear writing is essential when writing a research paper. Often, students work so hard in crafting an interesting hook that the rest of the introduction devolves into another direction. For students, I always recommend clearly identifying what your thesis is – what are you planning on focusing on for your paper? As a reader, do I know what the premise of the paper is before I continue reading? For research papers, engagement is in the pithiness of writing and the organizational structure. In introductions particularly, the statement of organization is vital. The statement of organization dictates how the rest of the paper will be structured and what the reader should look to when they are reading. For research papers, follow your passions. What interests you? What is a topic that keeps you up at night? What are you passionate about? Finding a topic that resonates with you is key when aiming to write ideas clearly.”
Sana Shaikh, PhD, Director of School Operations in Springfield Public Schools

Need more writing assistance?

Connect with our top writers and receive a research paper sample crafted to your needs.

Writing an Introduction to a Research Paper – What to Include

So, what should you include in your introduction? We will give you a list below so that you can prepare a research paper introduction outline and follow it when you are writing.

Writing a research paper introduction

What are the parts of the introduction in research?

The introduction of a research paper may contain a few other parts/elements such as the chief goal(s) and objectives of the research, a brief but informative outline of the following content, explained, concept definitions, a brief history of the research into the topic, recent related discoveries, etc.

Start with Announcing Your Topic

There are many research topics. The topic is the fundament of any writing you prepare. Regarding, the angle you look at your topic, it will reflect different aspects. It’s better to begin with outlining your topic. There is no secret on how to start a research paper intro: you should just state your topic and add some connected with topic issues that bothers you a lot. This is a perfect strategy to intrigue the reader.

It is recommended to start with general info and then narrowing down to specific aspects. Try not to deepen into a state of things in the beginning, but explain your view on the topic. If you are going to use some difficult expressions in the central part of an essay, make them clear to any reader and point out their connection with your topic.

Review the Literature

Developing a statement in the main body, you will need some literature sources to refer to. While your idea can sound a bit subjectively, if you maintain it with citations extracted from works of famous scientists, authors, or philosophers, you will prove your point. Don’t neglect modern time scholars that are being deeply concerned about the issue or opinion you stated. The introduction should briefly state what the literature will be about.

Stress on Rationale

The rationale is the key element of your beginning. Once you stated the topic, it’s time to prove it’s relevant and gives readers food for thought. The rationale serves as an indicator of both the importance of your essay and your attitude to the issue. The rationale should be laconic and precise to show the reader the significance of your research.

State Your Thesis

The thesis statement marks the conclusive part of the introduction for the research paper or research summary and transition to the actual research. This sentence supports all the things you have written before and collects all your ideas in a logical and concise saying. If your subject is too complicated, you should make the thesis statement comprehensible with it. The thesis is what runs through your paper. That’s why the intro where a thesis is stated sets the tone for the entire work.

Your thesis should:

  • Give general info on topic
  • Be engaging and precise
  • Reflect the significance of raised issue

If all these are ready, the only thing left is to make the outline for research paper structure.

Conclude With the Outline

When all the important work is done, it’s time for the outline of the research paper’s structure. Not every mentor requires the structure overview in the introduction, but sometimes students are asked to stress on few aspects of their future research. This is not about the detailed depiction of every part of your work. The outline is a short paragraph, which consists of 3 or 4 sentences and represents your plan for the entire paper. You can also look for some essay introduction examples to grab some ideas.

View an Example of an Introduction in Research Paper

Sometimes, it is best to explore an example of an introduction in a research paper in order to understand it better. Check out the example that we have created:

Did you know that there are currently over 2.3 million Americans incarcerated for their crimes? While it is widely believed that prison should be the punishment for crime, statistics find that 77 percent of prisoners will re-offend once they are released. This suggests that prison is not working to reduce recidivism. My research paper aims to demonstrate that prison does not work as a way to prevent crime and that alternatives should be considered, such as restorative justice and other community sentencing.

Writing Tips for Students Who Want to Know all About Introduction

Elizabeth M. Minei

Dr. Elizabeth M. Minei

“A strong introduction to a research paper should probably be written last. The introduction needs to include: 1) what the topic is focused on, 2) how the research was conducted(method), 3) what the findings are (generally), 4) and how the paper contributes to the overall field. These items are often unanswerable until the paper is complete. An introduction should also absolutely have a few sentences that specifically detail what they will read in the upcoming pages. Research Papers are NOT like fiction writing where you might want to sustain the mystery—instead,you want to show them the payoff up front. If the reader gets to the end of the introduction and does not know what to expect in the rest of the paper, you may have missed the mark.”
Dr. Elizabeth M. Minei, PhD, Associate Professor at Baruch College, Founder and C.E.O. of EMinei Consulting

So, how to write an intro for a research paper?

Is writing including concepts that are going to be complicated for the average reader to understand? If the answer is yes, this means that you should take your time to explain them as best as you can in your introduction. This includes any jargon or terms that you think will be important to know before reading your findings and analysis.

You want to capture your reader’s attention right from the beginning. If you are not sure how to do that effectively, think about including a quotation that captures the heart of the topic. This will be particularly true if your essay is for social subjects, such as English, History, and humanities. It is going to help create a picture in the reader’s head, and they will remember this when they are reading your work. Depending on the subject of your paper, it could also include a striking statistic.

Readers need to know not only why you are conducting a particular research topic, but also how you intend to do it. It means that your introduction should set out the structure that will be followed in your article. It will allow a reader to easily navigate between different parts and make sure that it all makes sense.

Need Additional Help?

As you see, writing research papers introduction is not that challenging if you follow the guide. But sometimes even the smartest students fail in choosing a competitive topic and building a solid thesis. Even if you consider your topic important, it can seem questionable for your professor. How to write an introduction for a research paper and make it flawless?

We present you with professional help from writers who are full of new ideas to reflect them in your assignment! Browsing “how to write a research paper introduction” and trying to write a paper on your own you may lose those precious hours of your time. Asking us for help, you will get rid of your constant worries. Can you write my research papers? Yes, we can! Presenting only top-notch content, we help many students achieve the desired outcome and improve their academic performance. Our writers don’t tolerate plagiarism – real professionals create their writings from scratch. We believe that even the most complicated task has the simplest solution and our paper writers can always find it. If you doubt, place your order and get assured we don’t mouth empty words!

How do you write a good intro?

Writing a good intro requires matching well the information in it with the rest of the paper – it must “serve” the needs of the rest of the paper. It should introduce the reader smoothly into the topic and facilitate an easy read (without requiring the excessive aid of external sources).

How do you write an introduction for a research paper?

In case you have difficulties starting with the introduction first, a fairly universal advice is to write it last (apart from the thesis, goals, and objectives). Thus, after writing other sections (that have a clearer/ more rigid structure) you’ll be able to decide both on the type of content that would match better the rest of your paper but also on the word count you can dedicate to this section.

Writing a Research Paper Introduction | Step-by-Step Guide

Published on September 24, 2020 by Jack Caulfield. Revised on November 19, 2020.

The introduction to a research paper is where you set up your topic and approach for the reader. It has several key goals:

  • Present your topic and get the reader interested
  • Provide background or summarize existing research
  • Position your own approach
  • Detail your specific research problem
  • Give an overview of the paper’s structure

The introduction looks slightly different depending on whether your paper presents the results of original empirical research or constructs an argument by engaging with a variety of sources.

The five steps in this article will help you put together an effective introduction for either type of research paper.

Table of contents

  1. Step 1: Introduce your topic
  2. Step 2: Describe the background
  3. Step 3: Establish your research problem
  4. Step 4: Specify your objective(s)
  5. Step 5: Map out your paper
  6. Research paper introduction examples
  7. Frequently asked questions about the research paper introduction

Step 1: Introduce your topic

The first job of the introduction is to tell the reader what your topic is and why it’s interesting or important. This is generally accomplished with a strong opening hook.

The hook is a striking opening sentence that clearly conveys the relevance of your topic. Think of an interesting fact or statistic, a strong statement, a question, or a brief anecdote that will get the reader wondering about your topic.

For example, the following could be an effective hook for an argumentative paper about the environmental impact of cattle farming:

Argumentative paper hook Are cows responsible for climate change?

A more empirical paper investigating the relationship of Instagram use with body image issues in adolescent girls might use the following hook:

Empirical paper hook The rise of social media has been accompanied by a sharp increase in the prevalence of body image issues among women and girls.

Don’t feel that your hook necessarily has to be deeply impressive or creative. Clarity and relevance are still more important than catchiness. The key thing is to guide the reader into your topic and situate your ideas.

Step 2: Describe the background

This part of the introduction differs depending on what approach your paper is taking.

In a more argumentative paper, you’ll explore some general background here. In a more empirical paper, this is the place to review previous research and establish how yours fits in.

Argumentative paper: Background information

After you’ve caught your reader’s attention, specify a bit more, providing context and narrowing down your topic.

Argumentative paper background

A recent study (RIVM, 2019) shows that cattle farmers account for two thirds of agricultural nitrogen emissions in the Netherlands. These emissions result from nitrogen in manure, which can degrade into ammonia and enter the atmosphere. The study’s calculations show that agriculture is the main source of nitrogen pollution, accounting for 46% of the country’s total emissions. By comparison, road traffic and households are responsible for 6.1% each, the industrial sector for 1%.

Provide only the most relevant background information. The introduction isn’t the place to get too in-depth; if more background is essential to your paper, it can appear in the body.

Empirical paper: Describing previous research

For a paper describing original research, you’ll instead provide an overview of the most relevant research that has already been conducted. This is a sort of miniature literature review—a sketch of the current state of research into your topic, boiled down to a few sentences.

This should be informed by genuine engagement with the literature. Your search can be less extensive than in a full literature review, but a clear sense of the relevant research is crucial to inform your own work.

Begin by establishing the kinds of research that have been done, and end with limitations or gaps in the research that you intend to respond to.

Empirical paper background

Various empirical studies have been conducted into Facebook usage among adolescent girls (Tiggermann & Slater, 2013; Meier & Gray, 2014). These studies have consistently found that the visual and interactive aspects of the platform have the greatest influence on body image issues. Despite this, highly visual social media (HVSM) such as Instagram have yet to be robustly researched.

How to Write a Research Introduction: from Pure Title to Hook Sentence

research paper introduction

It is not a secret that most people judge a book by the cover, so if you want your research paper to be read from A to Z, it is important to write a powerful introduction in research paper.

The first paragraph of your work must be catchy, inspiring and interesting, motivating the audience to go on reading. In this article you will learn everything about writing a research paper introduction and achieving outstanding writing results!

Following tips from AssignmentPay’s expert team will help you to understand how a research paper introduction should look like and how to help readers enjoy your paper. In case you don’t have enough time or energy to write a research paper introduction, you can always pay for research paper – just contact and get outstanding assistance within a chosen period of time!

What is introduction in research paper?

A good introduction should lead the reader from a generalized topic to a particular aspect. It helps to establish the main idea, context, research importance and summarizes background data on the topic, providing the main goal of the work. In addition it contains hypothesis, a set of discussed questions and used methodology.

Your introduction should also highlight potential results or explain research structure and organization.

If you want to learn how to write a research paper introduction , you should answer three general questions:

  • What is it?
  • Why should you read it?
  • What do you want your reader to think about it/ react to?

What should be in the introduction of a research paper?

Research paper introduction can be one of the most difficult parts to complete. The size of this section depends on the work type you are asked to complete.

Your introduction should define the topic, consist of a context and rationale, as well as of a hypothesis and research questions. A thoughtful introduction sets a tone for the whole paper, grabs attention of the reader and provides thesis statement and hypothesis.

3 Overarching Goals of a Good Introduction

  1. To make sure you provide a clear and understandable summary of previous works on the subject to give a better understanding of the problem;
  2. To explain why your own research fills in the gaps in literature and adds insufficient details to the topic;
  3. To note all sorts of contributions (including policy, theoretical and empirical ones) of the research.

How to write an Introduction?

The best way to get started if you lack information or ideas on writing an introduction is to learn about it online. Following tips of professional writers and tutors you will be able to create an outstanding work, which won’t leave anyone indifferent.

Below you will find the most relevant tips for writing a great research paper introduction.

Select the Topic

This step may be obvious but it plays a crucial part in writing a great research paper. If you select an irrelevant, boring or too general topic, you risk losing motivation and dropping the assignment somewhere in the middle.

Make a list of the matters you are interested in, conduct a research to see whether chosen variants have much credible data online. Cross out options, which can’t be backed with reliable sources or don’t stir up your interest.

Background Information

As any book or movie, introduction aims to set the background and give your assignment a certain context, allowing the reader to see how your work complements previous researches on the similar topic.

That is why first paragraphs of the introduction should explain historical background, describing the first work in the field and other researches that influenced the modern situation.

However, huge amounts of information can make it difficult to fit into several paragraphs, so be careful and provide only the most important information.

Rationale for your work

Rationale is an explanation why you are using a certain film, book or method in your work. The basic elements of a rationale are:

  • Target audience and citation of literature;
  • Summary of the paper and its educational importance;
  • Goals of using the research and how it can be applied on practice;
  • Potential problems and how they can be solved;
  • Alternative sources, which the student can explore.

Hook Sentence

A hook sentence is your chance to catch interest of the reader and make him want to learn more after reading the introduction in research paper. Your hook may include:

  • A literary quote;
  • Statistics or facts;
  • A rhetorical question;
  • Simile or metaphor;
  • Allegory;
  • Anecdote or joke;
  • Quote of a famous person.

Order an academic paper

Don’t have time to finish?
Try to write an academic paper with us

  • Free revision policy

Writing a Thesis Statement

If you want to understand how to write an introduction, you should remember about including a thesis statement to your work. Actually, without it your introduction will be meaningless and your teacher will surely ask you to rewrite the whole section.

You need to write a thesis statement, when you are working on the outline. In such a way, you will be able to understand what arguments and sources to use. These few sentences may predetermine the whole course of your future work.

A good thesis statement includes such qualities, as:

  • Background information on the topic;
  • Precision and engagement;
  • Importance of the discussed issue.

‘Downloading books online without any fee is bad and you need to avoid it’. It is a very weak example of a thesis statement, which is not able to stir interest of the audience and prevents from continuing reading.

‘Every time you download a book online without paying for it, huge work and efforts of authors remain unrecognized and make them lose thousands of dollars. It may eventually harm economy and overall wellbeing of the society’.

This example is much better, because it dives deeper into the problem and explains why the issue is relevant not only to a regular person but to the nation as a whole.

Tips for writing Good introduction

Importance of a good introduction is impossible to overestimate, because you will never have another chance to make a positive first impression.

First paragraphs of your research paper give the audience information on quality of chosen arguments, your personal style, as well as on validity of conclusions. If your introduction is weak and lacks structure, it may make the reader want to put your research paper aside.

On contrary, a concise and properly structured introduction will surely make the readers notice your writing and analytical skills, and make them want to go on reading.

Below you will find a few most important tips on writing a powerful introduction, engaging the reader and arising interest of the audience.

  • Remain brief. Too long introduction will bore the reader and you will most likely lose the audience. Always stick to the outline and make your introduction short and straight to the point;
  • Always define your problem. Your introduction should end up with a hypothesis, question or a thesis statement. By the end of your introduction the reader must know what you are trying to achieve by writing the paper. Remember, your discussion and conclusion sections will refer to the introduction, supporting your thesis statement;
  • Organization. When working on body paragraphs you may notice that they go in different directions. There is nothing wrong until you adjust your introduction to the new course. A good advice is to work on your introduction only when all other sections are ready. It doesn’t work for all the students, so choose the rhythm and sequence depending on your own preferences.

Once your introduction is ready, you can proceed with conclusions and bibliography.

How to Write a Research Paper Introduction Paragraph

When you’re ready to write a research paper, you should start with an introduction. These sentences will form the entire thesis that you will explore in the body paragraphs in the rest of the paper. You should explain the topic and explain the importance of your research as well as its results. It may seem a little strange to write your introduction after writing the whole essay, but this is a great practice to follow.

Don’t let plagiarism ruin your grade

Check the originality of a paper with just a couple of clicks.

  • Free unlimited checks
  • Accurate results
  • All common file formats
  • Intuitive interface

What Is an Introduction Paragraph for Research Paper?

The introduction paragraph or paragraphs are usually placed at the beginning of the research paper. Moreover, everything you write in the introduction should attract the reader’s attention. This part of your work is designed to help the reader identify whether he or she wants to read the paper.

How to Write a Research Paper Introduction?

After writing your research paper, you will have a broad picture of your entire research and analysis. This will help you identify the main points and include them in the introduction. These tips will attract your reader’s attention, pique their interest to read the whole essay and define the thesis statement. There are also a few simple tricks which can help you make your research paper introduction shine:

1. State Your Research Theme

The first sentences should be common about the general topic and then you should add some details about your topic. This is called the inverted triangle when you start with the broad theme and then narrow it down.

2. Be Original

If you write a research paper in humanities, you can start the introduction with a quotation or even an anecdote. If your academic area is science or medicine, you can write an extremely interesting fact or even a shocking fact. Such an approach will help you develop an attractive research paper introduction.

3. Explain Key Terms

You should explain the key terms and concepts in the introduction to avoid reader-confusion later. Make your investigation clear and understandable.

4. Size Is Important

You should find your own ideal length for the introduction. It should be short enough to be readable and gain the attention of the reader and long enough to explain all the main features of your essay.

5. Refer to the Keywords

The keywords should be used in the introduction. The aim of this trick is to write a research paper easier to find. These could be separate words or word combinations which define your topic.

6. Follow the Rules of Logic

You should be consistent in writing. Logical links between sentences will make your text coherent.

Need help with writing a research paper?

Get your paper written by a professional writer

Research Paper Introduction Examples

The theory is good but the practice is quite different. Read our examples to get good ideas about how to write an excellent introduction.

Contemporary literary marketing has become digital because of the demands of the online era. Popular best-selling authors such as J. K. Rowling or Dan Brown profit from the internet and use it as a source for advertising to show the audience their creations. On the other hand, many writers find digital literature harmful and destructive for their livelihood because many users can get their books without paying for them. However, more studies reveal that the business side of the book industry is not far from the negative. This research paper will define whether the culture of digital book consumption has to be changed due to the creations of writers becoming worthless due to online piracy and because people have stopped valuing non-digitized books.

Take your paper to the next level

Professional editors will check your paper for grammar, punctuation, sentence structure, consistency, and academic style.

Sample Of Introduction Paragraph For College Research Paper

The second sample is on the topic: “Behavioral Study Of The Phenomenon Of Obedience”

Modern theories tend to associate misbehavior and intentional actions that harm others with personal characteristics. The psychologists and doctors in a survey predicted that only a small portion of people (about 1-3%) would intentionally harm someone after being told to do so.

A good example of this phenomenon is a recent war trial with Adolph Eichmann, who claimed he was only following orders to carry out Nazi war crimes. Therefore, is it possible that people can harm others by only “following orders?” Are people capable of betraying their moral convictions if ordered to do so?

During the experiment, we will see whether someone can continue administering painful electric shocks that harm another person simply because he or she is told to do so. It is expected that very few will continue and that most of the participants will not obey the order.

Writing an engaging introduction is not less important than conducting research papers or providing a high-quality context in your issue. In fact, a great intro is even more important for your success! An opening paragraph that attracts attention and keeps the reader engaged is the key to success with this academic work. The intro is the first thing that a reader sees. It is exactly what helps him or her gets the first impression of your work, which carries their opinion about the merits of your paper while they finish reading it. That’s why it’s so important to get it done right.

How do you create flawless intros for your research papers? These tips and examples in this article should help you deal with this assignment effortlessly while avoiding common mistakes. However, it also requires practice. We encourage students to practice writing as much as they can to master these skills and never face difficulties with writing academic papers again!

PapersOwl is an education platform, that can write paper for me on any academic area: history, marketing, management, nursing, biology, etc.

Research Paper Introduction Example: Smart Guide to Write

Research Paper Introduction Example

January 5, 2019

Some common perplexities that every student come across at one point or the other in their academic life. With institutions assigning them with regular assignments, it is important to have a clear-cut knowledge on how to write a research paper. And, introduction being one crucial segment, you must craft it apt.

This blog introduces you to a series of good and effective research paper introduction examples. Read each of them to know the point of initiation, the flow of writing, and how to end the introduction with a great signoff.

Different Phases of Introduction with Research Paper Introduction Example

On breaking an introduction in a fragment, you will land with four broad phases with each having its own significance. Every part holds some responsibility towards the research paper, as stated below, with suitable examples – preserve their true essence!

Phase 1: Get to The Point Straight. Avoid Embellishment

The first few lines of your research paper introduction decide the fate of your document. If readers cannot connect to the paper in the first segment, they will never spare hours on reading the full paper. It is implicitly a writers’ responsibility to match up to the audience’s expectations from the very beginning. Here are a few tips to consider on the concerned matter –

  • Start on a broader aspect and concise it on proceed
  • Write a brief definition of your topic
  • Make the point clear and precise
  • Do not overstate or provide overwhelming information
  • Avoid any kind of history relevant to your area of research

Only a research paper example offers an illustrative view of the above points of consideration.

Sample Research Papers

Topic: Business Report of Ford Motor Company, UK

“Ford Motor Company Limited is a European company that is a subsidiary of Britain. In 1909, this company took its first initiative as one of the leading vehicle manufacturing firms in the world. Currently, Ford has its registered office in Brentwood, Essex, and it is considered as the biggest commercial vehicle producing company in Britain. Three major manufacturing units of Ford is now housed by Britain.”

This sample paper on Ford’s business report shows that the writer has started on a wider aspect by mentioning a little about Ford’s journey and straightaway delved into the main concern without much explanations on its history. The structure is like an inverted triangle just opposite to a research paper conclusion.

Topic: Influence of E-Service Quality on Consumers Online Repurchases Intentions: An Empirical Study of Alibaba

“The usage of information technology transformed the process of service delivery as well as renovating the provision of services. The elevation of the online shopping market over the past few years has altered the business pattern. Electronic platform has been adopted by most of the existing businesses in the world for differentiating their businesses from the rivals to satisfy customer needs, create customer value, and develop customer trust by providing superior quality service (Kassim and Asiah Abdullah, 2010).”

In the sample paper about e-market analysis based on Alibaba, the initiation marks the actual point of discussion without even a tinge of exaggeration about the past researches conducted on the relevant framework.

At this point ends the first phase of the introduction and the second segment begins. Have a look at its style and approach of writing.

Phase 2: Explain the Integral Risks. Mention the Purpose of Your Study

Once you are done with the brief prolog, it is time to dig a little deeper into the matter. As shown in a good research paper outline example, this section is for explaining the risks relevant to your area of research. Indicate why you are disagreeing with the particular argument and what your standpoint is. With the illustration, portray the reason behind choosing this research problem as your topic of investigation. Here’s how to compose this section with utmost accuracy –

  • Make a note of the potential risks associated with this topic
  • How the outside world is reacting to the subject line
  • Find a groove in the assumptions made earlier on this matter
  • Why do you count to the existing arguments and standpoints
  • Stipulate evidence, and validations in response to your opinion
  • How your research methodology will help the global demographic

While composing the introduction, make sure this segment strikes in readers’ mind and triggers their curiosity. Find a unique research niche and portray it to the audience in the best way possible. Eye the sample intros for a detailed overview.

Sample Research Papers

Topic: Strategic Management: Case Study Analysis of Nestle

“Due to the effect of malnutrition, the milk food production was committed to withstanding the infant mortality problem. The product has soon created an inheritance of shared value while embedding within their corporate business principles and values (Boyd, 2012) and became quite popular in Europe. As the leading health, nutrition, and wellness company, it is delegated to elevating its business with an efficacious and humble start.”

The sample paper on case study analysis of Nestle, perfectly, describes how to develop the second segment of an introduction by articulating the research niche and crannies in existing assumption followed by your own point of view on the fact. It is a great example of an introduction in a research paper.

Topic: Corporate Responsibility and Governance of Walmart

“The organizations prepare their business conduct through the means encompassed by a model served as the idea of corporate governance. Due to the existing glitches regarding the governance that have cropped up both at the economic and national level where it concerns the organization, the term corporate governance has reached the vanguard of public attention broadly over the recent past few years.”

The project management sample paper on Walmart, has a perfect introduction that highlights the research niche, quite efficiently. Download and view the full paper to understand how they have pointed to the issues in the second and significant section of the opening passage.

After this, you have to establish a strong thesis statement that happens to mark the end of your introductory paragraph. Know how to craft it right.

Phase 3: Build A Potent Thesis Statement. Keep It Rational

The last and final segment of the introduction is said to be the backbone of your paper, irrespective of your research paper topics. Here comes the thesis statement – a short summary of the project title. Well, it may sound simple but actually, it is not. There’s a lot more than what the eyes meet. If this goes wrong, neither the writer can keep a tab of the further paper nor a reader will feel the urge to go through the complete draft. A few tips for an intense research proposal.

  • Make it logical, sensible and compelling
  • Keep it precise, and to-the-point
  • It must have relevance to the topic
  • It should strongly portray the central theme
  • Do not use complex sentences
  • Avoid unknown and unfamiliar acronyms
  • The proposal must be easy-to-understand

A good research paper outline always suggests writing the thesis statement at the beginning as it aids writers for smooth writing. A few examples to clear your concept.

Sample Research Papers

Topic: Communicational Strategy Analysis of Microsoft

“This paper discusses about the organizational communication of Microsoft in theoretical perspective. It covers both the internal and external communications conducted by the company and its implication on the company.”

Here’s a true thesis statement that holds the exact essence of the critical analysis sample paper on Microsoft. Read the full paper to understand the writer’s perspective and how he/she has composed the rest of the introduction.

Phase 4: Insert A Smooth Transition Statement Between the Introduction and Body

Though the opening passage technically ends with the thesis statement, there is a little extension to consider. A smooth transition is what points the difference between an amateur and a veteran writer. Readers can easily connect with the body paragraph, after completing the introduction, if there is an intermediate meaningful sentence. However, an abrupt initiation of the main discussion, often, creates a bad impact on the writer. So, it is clever to spend a moment in crafting a significant transition. Keep the following tips in mind –

  • It should be rational
  • Hold the essence of transition,
  • Defines what to expect from the body,
  • Most importantly, simple and short.

Note: Elaborate transition statements are simply considered to be unprofessional and novice style of writing.

Often students get confused between a research paper abstract and an introduction. On reading this blog, you may get over this bewilderment, easily. Make sure you apply each of the tips, next time onwards, whenever you sit for drafting an introduction.

If a shortage of time or any other cause restricts you from establishing a good quality introduction, get in touch with paper writing helper. PenMyPaper has the most experienced set of professionals, who conduct empirical research and draft the most unique and original papers.

4 Step approach to writing the Introduction section of a research paper

4 Step approach to writing the Introduction section of a research paper

If you want others to cite your paper, you should make sure they read it first. Let us assume that the title and the abstract of your paper have convinced your peers that they should see your paper. It is then the job of the Introduction section to ensure that they start reading it and keep reading it, to pull them in and to show them around as it were, guiding them to the other parts of the paper (Methods, Results, Discussion, and Conclusion).

This article tells you, with examples, what you should include in the Introduction and what you should leave out, and what reviewers and journal editors look for in this section.

What is the function of the Introduction section?

Put simply, the Introduction should answer the question ‘Why:’ why you choose that topic for research; why it is important; why you adopted a particular method or approach; and so on. You can also think of the Introduction as the section that points out the gap in knowledge that the rest of the paper will fill, or the section in which you define and claim your territory within the broad area of research.

The other job the Introduction should do is to give some background information and set the context. You can do this by describing the research problem you considered or the research question you asked (in the main body of the paper, you will offer the solution to the problem or the answer to the question) and by briefly reviewing any other solutions or approaches that have been tried in the past.

Remember that a thesis or a dissertation usually has a separate chapter titled ‘Review of literature,’ but a research paper has no such section; instead, the Introduction includes a review in brief.

Now that you have given the background and set the context, the last part of the Introduction should specify the objectives of the experiment or analysis of the study described in the paper. This concluding part of the Introduction should include specific details or the exact question(s) to be answered later in the paper.

The 4-step approach to writing the Introduction section

As a rule of thumb, this section accounts for about 10% of the total word count of the body of a typical research paper, or about 400 words spread over three paragraphs in a 4000-word paper. 1 With that, let us now understand how to write the Introduction section step-by-step:

1. Provide background information and set the context.

This initial part of the Introduction prepares the readers for more detailed and specific information that is given later. The first couple of sentences are typically broad.

Below are some examples:

  • A paper on organic matter in soil can begin thus: ‘Sustainable crop production is a function of the physical, chemical, and biological properties of soil, which, in turn, are markedly affected by the organic matter in soil.’
  • A paper that discusses the possible beneficial role of bacteria in treating cancer can begin as follows: ‘The role of bacteria as anticancer agent was recognized almost hundred years back.’
  • A paper on lithium batteries can introduce the study with the following sentence: ‘The rapid growth of lithium ion batteries and their new uses, such as powering electric cars and storing electricity for grid supply, demands more reliable methods to understand and predict battery performance and life.’

At the same time, the introductory statement should not be too broad: note that in the examples above, the Introduction did not begin by talking about agriculture, cancer, or batteries in general, but by mentioning organic matter in soil, the role of bacteria, and lithium ion batteries.

Once the first sentence has introduced the broad field, the next sentence can point to the specific area within that broad field. As you may have noticed, the papers in the examples mentioned above introduced the subfield by mentioning 1) remission of some types cancer following accidental infection by Streptococcus pyogenes, 2) organic matter in soil as a source of nutrients for plants and of energy for microorganisms, and 3) imaging techniques to visualize the 3-dimensional structure of the materials and components of batteries on nanoscale.

Does your publication goal seem near yet too far?
Explore the #POWERofMORE – the boost you need to achieve all your goals
Click here to know more!

2. Introduce the specific topic of your research and explain why it is important.

As you can see from the above examples, the authors are moving toward presenting the specific topic of their research. So now in the following part, you can bring in some statistics to show the importance of the topic or the seriousness of the problem.

Here are some examples:

  • A paper on controlling malaria by preventive measures, can mention the number of people affected, the number of person-hours lost, or the cost of treating the disease.
  • A paper on developing crops that require little water can mention the frequency of severe droughts or the decrease in crop production because of droughts.
  • A paper on more efficient methods of public transport can mention the extent of air pollution due to exhausts from cars and two-wheelers or the shrinking ratio between the number of automobiles and road length.

Another way to emphasize the importance of the research topic is to highlight the possible benefits from solving the problem or from finding an answer to the question: possible savings, greater production, longer-lasting devices, and so on. This approach emphasizes the positive.

For example, instead of saying that X dollars are lost because of malaria every year, say that X dollars can be saved annually if malaria is prevented, or X millions litres of water can be saved by dispensing with irrigation, or X person-hours can be saved in the form of avoided illnesses because of improved air quality or reduced pollution.

3. Mention past attempts to solve the research problem or to answer the research question.

As mentioned earlier, a formal review of literature is out of place in the Introduction section of a research paper; however, it is appropriate to indicate any earlier relevant research and clarify how your research differs from those attempts. The differences can be simple: you may have repeated the same set of experiments but with a different organism, or elaborated (involving perhaps more sophisticated or advanced analytical instruments) the study with a much larger and diverse sample, or a widely different geographical setting.

Here are two examples:

  • ‘Although these studies were valuable, they were undertaken when the draft genome sequence had not been available and therefore provide little information on the evolutionary and regulatory mechanisms.’
  • ‘Plant response is altered by insect colonization and behaviour but these aspects have been studied mostly in sole crops, whereas the present paper examines the relationship between crops and their pests in an intercropping system.’

4. Conclude the Introduction by mentioning the specific objectives of your research.

The earlier paragraphs should lead logically to specific objectives of your study. Note that this part of the Introduction gives specific details: for instance, the earlier part of the Introduction may mention the importance of controlling malaria whereas the concluding part will specify what methods of control were used and how they were evaluated. At the same time, avoid too much detail because those belong to the Materials and Methods section of the paper.

If, for example, your research was about finding the right proportions of two metals in an alloy and you tested ten different proportions, you do not have to list all the ten proportions: it is enough to say that the proportions varied from 50:50 to 10:90.

Here are two more examples:

  • ‘We aimed to assess the effectiveness of four disinfection strategies on hospital-wide incidence of multidrug-resistant organisms and Clostridium difficile
  • ‘We aimed (1) to assess the epidemiological changes before and after the upsurge of scarlet fever in China in 2011; (2) to explore the reasons for the upsurge and the epidemiological factors that contributed to it; and (3) to assess how these factors could be managed to prevent future epidemics.’

There are different ways of constructing the objectives. Using questions 2 , hypotheses, and infinitives are the more common constructions (both examples in the previous paragraph use infinitives), each of which is illustrated below with some fictitious text:

  • ‘Do some genes in wheat form gene networks? If they do, to what extent as compared to rice?’
  • ‘Do the regulatory elements in the promoters of those genes display any conserved motifs?’
  • ‘Finally, and more specifically, do those genes in wheat display any tissue- or organ-specific expression pattern?’

‘We decided to test the following four hypotheses related to employees of information-technology companies:

H1: Career stages influence work values.

H2: Career stages influence the level of job satisfaction.

H3: Career stages do not influence organizational commitment.’

Using infinitives

‘To examine the response of Oryza sativa to four different doses of nitrogen in terms of 1) biomass production, 2) plant height, and 3) crop duration.’

Compared to two other sections of a typical research paper, namely Methods and Results, Introduction and Discussion are more difficult to write. However, the 4-step approach described in this article should ease the task.

A final tip: although the Introduction is the first section of the main text of your paper, you don’t have to write that section first. You can write it, or at least revise it, after you have written the rest of the paper: this will make the Introduction not only easier to write but also more compelling.

To learn in more detail the guidelines to write a great Introduction section, check out this course: How to write a strong introduction for your research paper

1. Araújo C G. 2014. Detailing the writing of scientific manuscripts: 25-30 paragraphs. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia 102 (2): e21–e23

2. Boxman R and Boxman E. 2017. Communicating Science: a practical guide for engineers and physical scientists, pp. 7–9. Singapore: World Scientific. 276 pp.

Related reading:

  • The secret to writing the introduction and methods section of a manuscript
  • Tips for writing the perfect IMRAD manuscript

Bonus takeaway exclusively for community members

Bonus content for community members

Here are two more examples:

  • ‘We aimed to assess the effectiveness of four disinfection strategies on hospital-wide incidence of multidrug-resistant organisms andClostridium difficile
  • ‘We aimed (1) to assess the epidemiological changes before and after the upsurge of scarlet fever in China in 2011; (2) to explore the reasons for the upsurge and the epidemiological factors that contributed to it; and (3) to assess how these factors could be managed to prevent future epidemics.’

There are different ways of constructing the objectives. Using questions 2 , hypotheses, and infinitives are the more common constructions (both examples in the previous paragraph use infinitives), each of which is illustrated below with some fictitious text:

  • ‘Do some genes in wheat form gene networks? If they do, to what extent as compared to rice?’
  • ‘Do the regulatory elements in the promoters of those genes display any conserved motifs?’
  • ‘Finally, and more specifically, do those genes in wheat display any tissue- or organ-specific expression pattern?’

‘We decided to test the following four hypotheses related to employees of information-technology companies:

H1: Career stages influence work values.

H2: Career stages influence the level of job satisfaction.

H3: Career stages do not influence organizational commitment.’

Using infinitives

‘To examine the response of Oryza sativa to four different doses of nitrogen in terms of 1) biomass production, 2) plant height, and 3) crop duration.’

Compared to two other sections of a typical research paper, namely Methods and Results, Introduction and Discussion are more difficult to write. However, the 4-step approach described in this article should ease the task.

A final tip: although the Introduction is the first section of the main text of your paper, you don’t have to write that section first. You can write it, or at least revise it, after you have written the rest of the paper: this will make the Introduction not only easier to write but also more compelling.

How to write an introduction for a research paper

Beginnings are hard. Beginning a research paper is no exception. Many students—and pros—struggle with how to write an introduction for a research paper.

This short guide will describe the purpose of a research paper introduction and how to create a good one.

a research paper being viewed on a Acer TravelMate B311 2-in-1 on desk with pad of paper.

What is an introduction for a research paper?

Introductions to research papers do a lot of work.

It may seem obvious, but introductions are always placed at the beginning of a paper. They guide your reader from a general subject area to the narrow topic that your paper covers. They also explain your paper’s:

  • Scope: The topic you’ll be covering
  • Context: The background of your topic
  • Importance: Why your research matters in the context of an industry or the world

Your introduction will cover a lot of ground. However, it will only be half of a page to a few pages long. The length depends on the size of your paper as a whole. In many cases, the introduction will be shorter than all of the other sections of your paper.

Why is an introduction vital to a research paper?

The introduction to your research paper isn’t just important. It’s critical.

Your readers don’t know what your research paper is about from the title. That’s where your introduction comes in. A good introduction will:

  • Help your reader understand your topic’s background
  • Explain why your research paper is worth reading
  • Offer a guide for navigating the rest of the piece
  • Pique your reader’s interest

Without a clear introduction, your readers will struggle. They may feel confused when they start reading your paper. They might even give up entirely. Your introduction will ground them and prepare them for the in-depth research to come.

What should you include in an introduction for a research paper?

Research paper introductions are always unique. After all, research is original by definition. However, they often contain six essential items. These are:

  • An overview of the topic. Start with a general overview of your topic. Narrow the overview until you address your paper’s specific subject. Then, mention questions or concerns you had about the case. Note that you will address them in the publication.
  • Prior research. Your introduction is the place to review other conclusions on your topic. Include both older scholars and modern scholars. This background information shows that you are aware of prior research. It also introduces past findings to those who might not have that expertise.
  • A rationale for your paper. Explain why your topic needs to be addressed right now. If applicable, connect it to current issues. Additionally, you can show a problem with former theories or reveal a gap in current research. No matter how you do it, a good rationale will interest your readers and demonstrate why they must read the rest of your paper.
  • Describe the methodology you used. Recount your processes to make your paper more credible. Lay out your goal and the questions you will address. Reveal how you conducted research and describe how you measured results. Moreover, explain why you made key choices.
  • A thesis statement. Your main introduction should end with a thesis statement. This statement summarizes the ideas that will run through your entire research article. It should be straightforward and clear.
  • An outline. Introductions often conclude with an outline. Your layout should quickly review what you intend to cover in the following sections. Think of it as a roadmap, guiding your reader to the end of your paper.

These six items are emphasized more or less, depending on your field. For example, a physics research paper might emphasize methodology. An English journal article might highlight the overview.

Three tips for writing your introduction

We don’t just want you to learn how to write an introduction for a research paper. We want you to learn how to make it shine.

There are three things you can do that will make it easier to write a great introduction. You can:

Leave a Reply